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Revealing Spatial Spillover Effect in High-Tech Industry Agglomeration from a High-Skilled Labor Flow Network Perspective

WANG Chen1,2, WANG Lu3, XUE Yanbo3, LI Ruiqi4   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. The Institute of Low Carbon Operations Strategy for Beijing Enterprises, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China;
    3. Career Science Lab, Boss Zhipin, Beijing 100028, China;
    4. UrbanNet Lab, College of Information Science and Technology, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2021-03-02 Revised:2021-04-04 Published:2022-06-20
  • Supported by:
    This paper was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 61720106010.

WANG Chen, WANG Lu, XUE Yanbo, LI Ruiqi. Revealing Spatial Spillover Effect in High-Tech Industry Agglomeration from a High-Skilled Labor Flow Network Perspective[J]. Journal of Systems Science and Complexity, 2022, 35(3): 839-859.

Understanding the high-tech industrial agglomeration from a spatial-spillover perspective is essential for cities to gain economic and technological competitive advantages. Along with rapid urbanization and the development of fast transportation networks, socioeconomic interactions between cities have been ever-increasing, traditional spatial metrics are not enough to describe actual inter-city connections. High-skilled labor flow between cities strongly influences the high-tech industrial agglomeration, yet receives less attention. By exploiting unique large-scale datasets and tools from complex network and data mining, the authors construct an inter-city high-skilled labor flow network, which was integrated into spatial econometric models. The regression results indicate that spatial-spillover effects exist in the development of high-tech industries in the Yangtze River Delta Urban Agglomeration region. Moreover, the spatial-spillover effects are stronger among cities with a higher volume of high-skilled labor flows than among cities with just stronger geographic connections. Additionally, the authors investigate the channels for the spillover effects and discover that inadequate local government expenses on science and technology likely hamper the high-tech industrial agglomeration, so does the inadequate local educational provision. The increasing foreign direct investments in one city likely encourages the high-tech industrial agglomeration in other cities because of the policy inertia toward traditional industries.
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