• • 上一篇    

全国电子电器行业质量安全现状与对策建议

孔令云1, 陈进东1,2   

  1. 1. 北京信息科技大学, 北京 100096;
    2. 智能决策与大数据应用北京市国际科技合作基地, 北京 102299
  • 收稿日期:2022-07-19 发布日期:2022-11-04
  • 通讯作者: 陈进东,Email:j.chen@bistu.edu.cn.
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2019YFB1405303),国家自然科学基金面上项目(72174018)资助课题.

孔令云, 陈进东. 全国电子电器行业质量安全现状与对策建议[J]. 系统科学与数学, 2022, 42(10): 2602-2615.

KONG Lingyun, CEHN Jindong. The Situation and Suggestions of Quality and Safety in Electronic and Electrical Industry[J]. Journal of Systems Science and Mathematical Sciences, 2022, 42(10): 2602-2615.

The Situation and Suggestions of Quality and Safety in Electronic and Electrical Industry

KONG Lingyun1, CEHN Jindong1,2   

  1. 1. Beijing Information Science and Technology University, Beijing 100096;
    2. Beijing International Science and Technology Cooperation Base for Intelligent Decision and Big Data Application, Beijing 102299
  • Received:2022-07-19 Published:2022-11-04
为促进电子电器行业产品高质量发展,开展电子电器行业质量安全现状与发展趋势研究.以国家及31个省市市场监督管理局2018年至2021年发布的抽检通告为数据来源,采用TextRank算法对不合格率较高的电源、手机、电磁灶产品抽检通告进行不合格项关键词提取,并对重点不合格项进行剖析;从整体、时域、地域三个维度对产品质量安全隐患进行分析,阐述中国电子电器产品的质量安全问题.研究发现,电子电器产品整体不合格率较高,但呈现逐年下降的趋势,且抽检产品覆盖率较低,东南沿海地区抽检批次相对较多.监管部门应加强监管力度与惩戒措施,对电子电器产品进行全品类覆盖式抽检;生产企业需严格把控生产过程,严格按照标准生产.
Aiming at promoting the high-quality development of the electronic and electrical industry,the status and development trend research of product quality and safety in the electronic and electrical industry is implemented.Selecting the sampling inspection notices issued by the state and 31 provincial and municipal market supervision and administration bureaus from 2018 to 2021 as the data source,this paper applies TextRank algorithm to extract keywords of unqualified items from the published sampling inspection notices of power supply,mobile phone and induction cooker products with a high unqualified rate,and analyzes the key unqualified items;explores the hidden dangers of product safety from three aspects:Overall,time domain and region,and expounds the quality and safety problems of electronic and electrical products in China.The results show that the overall unqualified rate of electronic and electrical products is high,but shows a declining trend,and the coverage of the sampling products is still low,more sampling batches are in southeast coastal regions.Regulatory authorities should strengthen supervision and punishment,carry out the comprehensive sampling inspection of electronic and electrical products;Production enterprises need to strictly control the production process and strictly according to the standard production.

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